Ministry of Health of Ukraine

Odessa National Medical University

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About Odessa

ODESSA CITY Odessa is a beautiful city in the South of Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast. Odessa is an administrative center of the Odessa Region, major seaport as well as economic, commercial, tourist and cultural center. Odessa city is the third largest city in Ukraine after the nation’s capital, Kiev, and Kharkov, with a population of 1 012 277. Today Odessa has a total population of about 1.1 million people. Odessa is traditionally multi ethnic city. It hosts a big number of nationalities, as a result Odessa is the most multinational city in Ukraine. The multinational character of Odessa has influenced the architecture of public buildings, reflecting the Mediterranean style of classical architecture and in the planning of buildings and facade compositions, Italian and French decor is felt on each step. In 2009, the historical center of the port city of Odessa was officially listed in the preliminary World Heritage list of UNESCO.
There are many theaters and museums in Odessa, a lot of them have a long and interesting history. The Odessa National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet (Opera house) is the biggest and the most famous theatre in Odessa. The building has unique and well known architecture. In 2011 the popular magazine “Forbes” included the Odessa Opera House into a list of the most important sights in Eastern Europe. The Odessa Opera House is not only interesting for its architecture, but it also has a rich creative biography. It has been visited by Tchaikovsky and other famous composers, musicians, singers, and dancers. “Odessa Catacombs” is a gigantic complicated labyrinth of underground tunnels beneath Odessa. Stretching to an estimated total length of 2,500km, the Odessa Catacombs are perhaps the largest network of tunnels anywhere in the world. They’re significantly longer – and more complex – than the famous catacombs found beneath Rome (300km) and Paris (500 km)… in fact, if these Odessa’s tunnels were stretched out to full length, they’d reach further than the distance between Odessa and Paris.
Odessa’s most iconic symbol, the Potemkin Stairs, is rightfully acknowledged as one of the most beautiful staircases in Europe. In July 2015 special ceremony has inaugurated “Treasure of European Film Culture” emblem next to the Potemkin Stairs. European Film Academy awarded the Potemkin Stairs in Odessa the title “Treasure of European Film Culture” as one of the world’s most famous historical film locations.
Odessa is one of the major ports and an important center of industry, science and culture. Odessa’s mild climate, warm waters and sunlit beaches attract thousands of tourists year around. Its shady streets, gorgeous buildings and pleasant squares give the city a certain manner of closeness and understanding. Odessa is simply charming with its stunning architecture. Odessa proved itself fertile ground for various architectural styles. Some Odessa’s buildings display a marvelous mixture of different styles, and some are built in the Art Nouveau Style which was in vogue at the turn of the century. Renaissance and Classicist styles are also widely present.
Odessa is the largest city along the entire Black Sea, the 5th largest city in Ukraine and arguably the most important city of trade. Many years ago, Odessa was once the 3rd leading city in old Russia, after Moscow and St. Petersburg. Odessa looks more like a city located on the Mediterranean, had been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Odessa has always had a spirit of freedom, probably gifted to her by her location and by her ability to accept many different people. The city has a wide variety of people including Ukrainian, Russian, Moldavian, Greek, Romanian, Bulgarian, Caucasian, Jewish, Turkish and Vietnamese.